Sunday, March 15, 2020
capone1 essays Alphonse Capone And His Rise To Power During the Capone era many mobsters were in power. As Al Capone grew, he began to associate with many different bosses and was in the neighborhood with many mob run gangs. After being involved and associated with these gangs, Capone then joined one, which just so happen to be run by Johnny Torrio, mobster to become leader of the underworld. There were many influences that helped Capone grow and gain until his rise to power as Chicagos most notorious mobster. One of the most common fictions is that like many gangsters of Capones era, he was born in Italy. This is untrue, he wasnt born in Italy but was born in New York(Bardsley 1). Alphonse Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1899, of an immigrant family (Al 2). Gabriele Capone, Al Capones father, was one of 43,000 Italians who arrived in the United States in 1894. He was a barber by trade and was one of the few who could read and write his native language. He was from the villa of Castellmare di Stalia, sixteen miles south of Naples (Bardsley 3). Capones mom, Teresina Capone, came to America with her two-year-old son Vincenzo and infant son Raffaele (historical 1). In May of 1906, Gabriele became an American citizen (Bender 26). Al Capone quit school after the sixth grade and associated with a notorious street gang. Becoming accepted as a member. Johnny Torrio was the street gang leader and among other members was the great Lucky Luciano (Al 1). As Capone grew, Torrio gave him more responsibility and Capone soon became apprenticed by him. On December 18, 1918, Capone married at the age of 19, to a 21 year old Irish girl names Mae Coughlin. A short time later Albert Francis Capone was born to the couple (Bardsley 8). At the same time this was going on, in New York Johnny Torrio moved all of his operations to Chicago. Torrios prospects in New...
Friday, February 28, 2020
Nike. Ethical Audit Report - Essay Example Also the ethical implications related to the disclosure method adopted by Nike related to its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) stature is discussed in detail. The company Nike has responded in a professional manner to the many labor issues it has faced over a span of the past 10 years. A detailed audit related to the ethics of the business and possible changes which can make the company Nike a better workplace are dealt with in this paper. Introduction Nike created a code of conduct related to work place ethics after it was seriously allegated of making women and children work under hazardous conditions with minimum wages especially in developing countries like China. Nike is a leading marketer of athletic apparel and shoes and it has its operations and sales outlets spread across the globe. Nike is not involved in the actual manufacturing of its products; rather the company is involved in designing the products marketed by it. Nike makes use of workers on a contract basis for t he purpose of manufacturing in nearly 600 factories which are scattered across the globe and employs almost 800,000 people (CSR Report, Nike, pg.25). With such a huge work force the company faces issues related to ethics at work place and as the company is globally accredited it also faces Corporate Social Responsibility related ethical dilemmas. Corporate companies have to follow a responsible path and make sure the way with which they act and take their business ahead is within the permissible limits of ethics. In the year 2004 Nike released its Corporate Social Responsibilities report, first of its kind in accordance with the Global Reporting Indicators (GRI). The mission of GRI deals with developing, publicizing sustainability guidelines and global responsibility. GRI is process oriented and the indicators can be made use of while reporting environmental, economic and social aspects related to products, services and activities of the company. In this research paper these GRI ind icators will be applied to perform the ethical social audit of the company Nike. As at present there is no strong code of conduct present to enforce labor standards on an international basis as many countries especially developing ones have limited ability in relation to enforcing labor laws (Cohen, Sabel, 2006). There were only 24,291 direct employees at Nike during the year 1990 who worked in the United States and the major work force in manufacturing factories of Nike was from developing countries on a contract basis. Nike has been criticized for the ethics of the company when it comes to outsourcing. In many of its factories across the globe the problems of low wages, human rights and poor working conditions were prevalent. Though the management at Nike did not accept responsibility for such poor work conditions at first, during the year 1992 a well formulated code of conduct in relation to the labor, health and environmental standards was observed and followed by Nike. The mini mum age for labors was increased to 18 years and all the footwear suppliers were insisted to adopt the United States Occupational and Safety Health Administration (OSHA) standards at work place. To deal with labor practices issues Nike created the Nike Environmental Action Team (NEAT) in the year 2000. There are more than 100 corporate responsibility managers at work in Nike at present and there are over 1000 production managers working across the globe. An ethics audit deals with the manner in which the ethical practices and procedures adopted by a company can be assessed. On a professional basis the ethical standards have moved from being comprehensive to being more detailed.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Ryanair Airline - Essay Example Ultimately; when employees are happy, they tend to work better and produce good results increasing the productivity of the firm and making it more valuable for stakeholders (Nishii, Lepak & Schneider, 2008). The effectiveness of the staff is however not something that happens automatically and management must be sure to provide the right mix of elements and conditions so that their staff can be both motivated to work efficiently and feel valued and appreciated. To this end, the firm needs must put in place a variety of factors such as social corporate responsibility, reward schemes as well as treating them in an ethical and protecting from them from exploitation. In the Airline industry, CRS is very important in the airline industry since it is one of the main ways they make name for themselves in in the eyes of both the general population and their clients (Coles, Dinan & Fenclova, 2009). The subject of this paper is Rynair airline which will be examined in the context of its intera ction with the staff with attention to the nature of the relationship and making recommendations on how the situation can be improved. However before endeavouring to make the changes it is important that their effect on the overall productivity of the firm is always taken to account to avoid compromising the interests of the customers. To be successful a firm must be treat its customers well, which as aforementioned makes them the most important stakeholder, when customers are dissatisfied with the quality of service, they will in most cases leave for the competition. Unfortunately, this does not necessarily apply to employees sometimes a firm can treat them badly with the intention of improving the firms bottom line and actually succeed. This is because employees cannot leave as easily as customers given that jobs are not very easy to come by and some will sacrifice their happiness and in some cases even dignity for the sake of the job. It is
Friday, January 31, 2020
Insider Trading - Research Paper Example In Martha Stewart case, Martha avoided a loss of $ 46000 by selling her shares which is duly covered by the fine she was subjected to; Moreover, she lost a great deal of money as a tradeoff for her legal troubles. Furthermore, Martha Stewart Living OmnimediaÃ¢â¬â¢s stock price fell and Martha was banned to serve as an officer or director of a public company for five years. Peter Bacanovic, on the other hand, was barred from working in securities industry along with a $ 75000 fine. These penalties are enough to set an example for the public. SEC can and should take measures to prevent such incidences before their occurrence. They can do so by eliminating the opportunity to insider trading because no matter what the penalty, such violations are very appealing to people as their upside is extremely lucrative. Ã¢â¬Å"Research shows that the certainty of punishment, rather than its severity, as well as how particular punishments are perceived, that most greatly impacts whether criminal sanctions deliver a potent Ã¢â¬Å"messageÃ¢â¬ to would-be lawbreakersÃ¢â¬ (Berman, 18). Control person provision suggests certain internal controls that would raise the bonding cost. By incurring bonding costs, a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s cost of capital will be reduced. Insider trading leaves behind agency cost and since investors cannot detect insider trading within a firm, they adopt a discounting method to value the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s stock that leads to a raise in the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s cost of capital. So in essence, incurring bonding cost would reduce the cost of capital which would send a strong signal to the investors that the firm has taken extraordinary measures to control insider trading. So in short SEC should impose the control person provision which would encourage the application of internal
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis, which is a chronic inflammatory disease amongst the arteries of the human body, remains the principal cause of cardiovascular related disease (Gets, 2011). Atherosclerosis results from a complicated relationship between different factors such as lipid metabolism, blood coagulation elements, cytokines, hemodynamic stress, and behavioral risk factors. (Singla et al., 2011) The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis involves oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and chronic inflammation, which are initiated in response to high plasma lipid levels, especially Low Density Lipoproteins. (Yu et al., Getz., 2011) Atherosclerosis is a benefactor to the pathogenesis of myocardial and cerebral infarctions, gangrene and loss of function in the limbs, which results from an inconsistent inflammatory-fibro proliferative reactions to destruction of the endothelium and smooth muscle of the arterial walls (Morenoa et al., 1992). Researches have found that free radicals and reactive oxy gen species have been suggested to be part of this pathophysiology (Calderon et al., 2008). As atherosclerosis progresses over the decades, there seems to be lesion growth that are mostly facilitated by cellular adhesion molecules, which are expressed on the vascular endothelium and on circulating leukocytes in reaction to inflammatory stimuli; this is largely due to the recruitment of inflammatory cells from the circulation and their trans-endothelial movements. (Blankenberga et al., 2003) furthermore, there is now an agreement that atherosclerosis characterizes a state of heightened oxidative stress characterized by lipid and protein in the vascular wall (Singla et al., 2011). Over several decades Atherosclerotic plaque matures a... ...: 24Ã¢â¬â38. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2007.097360 10) Bayes-Genis A, Conover CA, Schwartz RS. The insulin-like growth factor axis: a review of atherosclerosis and restenosis Circ Res 2000;86:125-130. 11) Blankenhorn DH. Prevention or reversal of atherosclerosis: review of current evidence. Am J Cardiol.. 1989;63:38H-41H 12) Pearson,TA, Blair,SN, Daniels,SR, Eckel,RH, Fair,JM, Fortmann,SP, Franklin,BA, Goldstein,LB, Greenland,P, Grundy,SM, Hong,Y, Miller,NH, Lauer,RM, Ockene,IS, Sacco,RL, Sallis,JF, Jr., Smith,SC, Jr., Stone,NJ, Taubert,KA: AHA Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: 2002 Update: Consensus Panel Guide to Comprehensive Risk Reduction for Adult Patients Without Coronary or Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Diseases. American Heart Association Science Advisory and Coordinating Committee. Circulation 106:388-391, 2002
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Oedipus Rex Adaptation Original Scene: Laius meets the oracle and learns that his own son will kill him and marry his mother. Laius orders Jocasta to kill the baby. Jocasta hesitates and gives the baby to a servant so he could kill the baby. The servant leaves the baby to die in the sun. *A shepherd saves the baby and names him Oedipus. *optional to adapt Characters 1. King Laius / Lionel von Hudson Ã¢â¬â Jared Lionel von Hudson is a wealthy and powerful businessman. He comes from a line of elites and his family holds tremendous economic power in New York. . Queen Jocasta / Cassandra von Hudson Ã¢â¬â Ravina Cassandar von Hudson is the wife of Lionel von Hudson. She also comes from a long line of elites from the Hamptons. She is unwilling to kil her first born child. Sometimes, sheÃ¢â¬â¢s also conceited and proud. 3. Oracle / Gypsy lady Ã¢â¬â Ratna A gypsy fortune teller who receives a vision and prophecy on the fate of the von Hudsons. Carries her fortune telling crystal w ith her. 4. Servant / Sherry the Attendant Ã¢â¬â Farah Sherry is the von HudsonÃ¢â¬â¢s attendant who act as both driver and personal bodyguard.A religious person but also fears her employers. She believes in fate. 5. * Corinthian Shepherd / Plumber Ã¢â¬â Jared A plumber who takes care of the sewer pipes. A person with a good heart. Setting: Modern day Upper East Side Manhattan, New York Scene 1 Setting: Outside LionelÃ¢â¬â¢s office building Props: 2 chairs (car) and a Ã¢â¬Å"crystalÃ¢â¬ ball Lionel ask his driver to pull over at the office for a meeting. Lionel : Now, Sherry, the meeting will be till 2. I will be back at about 2:30. Sherry : Yes Mr. Lionel. I will be here. Have a good meeting Mr. Lionel, Mdm. Cassandra.Lionel and Cassandra exit the car and walk towards the office entrance when they were stopped by a gypsy lady with a crystal ball. Gypsy Lady : The couple there. Mr and Mrs von Hudson. [walks over to Lionel and Cassandra] Cassandra : Oh Lord woman. How do you know our names. But then again, weÃ¢â¬â¢re all over the news anyways. Gypsy Lady: I come with news, news you must hear, regarding your child and your fate. For I see your future. You are doomed Mr. von Hudson, doomed to death by the hands of your son. And you, Mrs. on Hudson, incest be upon you for when death befalls Mr. von Hudson, you will marry your child. Lionel: What nonsense. You foolish gypsy. Shut your mouth and stop this rubbish. IÃ¢â¬â¢m late for my meeting and youÃ¢â¬â¢ve just ruined my mood. Cassandra: I shall not believe in this nonsense either. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s go Lionel. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s leave this foolish lady. Lionel and Cassandra walks away. Gypsy Lady: [shouts] HEED MY WORDS VON HUDSON. FOR TRAGEDY WILL BEFALL YOU TONIGHT AND WEÃ¢â¬â¢LL SEE WHO THE FOOLISH ONE IS.Cassandra looks over her shoulder at the gypsy lady, a tinge of worry on her face. Scene 2 Setting: Elevator to the von HudsonÃ¢â¬â¢s penthouse. Props: none Lionel: What foolishness. That gypsy sur e knows how to get on my nerves. IÃ¢â¬â¢m still angry just thinking of her. Cassandra: Lionel dear, letÃ¢â¬â¢s not worry about her and open ourselves a bottle of champagne tonight. A fool will be a fool. DING! Elevator door opens. Lionel and Cassandra looks at their penthouse in horror and shock. Lionel : What in the world could have done this?! Look at our apartment.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s trashed. Cassandra : Oh no. What if the Gypsy Lady was right? Lionel : SHERRY?! Sherry comes running in. Sherry : Yes, Mr. LionelÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. [looks around in horror] IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get the maintenance to clear this up. Sherry runs out. Cassandra : Oh Lionel, what are we to do. She was right. Lionel : We have to save ourselves Cassandra. I will leave for a business trip tomorrow. When IÃ¢â¬â¢m back, I want the boy gone. Kill him before he kills us and land you in sin. Cassandra : ButÃ¢â¬ ¦ but heÃ¢â¬â¢s our flesh and blood. Lionel : It will be as I say. Scene 3Setting : Penthouse (clean again) Prop s: Ã¢â¬Å"babyÃ¢â¬ Cassandra : [on the phone] Sherry, could you come up here please. DING! Sherry : Yes, Mdm. Cassandra? Cassandra hands Sherry the baby. Cassandra : You have to do it Sherry. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t. Sherry: Do what madam? Cassandra : Kill him. Before he grows up and kill Lionel. Sherry : IÃ¢â¬ ¦. I canÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬ ¦. Cassandra : You must. Cassandra covers her face and sobs. Scene 4 Setting: Sewers Props : Ã¢â¬Å"babyÃ¢â¬ Sherry : IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry young master. What ordeal has come upon such a tiny soul. Oh God. Why?! I could not bring myself to do it.If itÃ¢â¬â¢s your fate to live, young master, then, may God send someone to save you. But if itÃ¢â¬â¢s your fate to die, let the crocodiles come to you first. Sherry leaves the baby on the ground and leaves. *optional Plumber walks in. Plumber: Now, where is that broken pipe? [hears babyÃ¢â¬â¢s cry, looks around and spots the baby] Oh dear god. Why? To an infant soul? [picks up baby] You poor thing. But IÃ¢â¬â¢ m too poor. I do hope that Mr. and Mrs. Goldstein would take him? TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve been trying to have a child for ages. [looks at the baby, smiles] Hello there, Alfie.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
The works of Socrates and Machiavelli are as polarized as the phrases Ã¢â¬Å"the unexamined life is not worth livingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the ends justify the means.Ã¢â¬ The Prince by Machiavelli and The Last Days of Socrates by Plato are both crucial texts to the discussion of what makes a good political leader. Well, what makes a good political leader? Socrates would disagree with MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s ideation of the Prince because of the immorality that he allows this model to have in the public sphere. However, Socrates would find that MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s Prince would lead to a political system that he would favor, because it would be one ruled by a qualified and expert leader, unlike in a democracy. At the core of their political philosophies, Machiavelli and SocratesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Socrates believed that to have a constant obligation as an individual to act ethically, and then pick and choose in which situations to act as such is morally reprehensible. He argued that true morality means that one does not act one way in a certain context and another way in another situation. Socrates asked Ã¢â¬Å"Do we say that there is no way that one must ever willingly commit injustice, or does it depend upon circumstance? Is it true, as we have often agreed before, that there is no sense in which an act of injustice is good or honorable?Ã¢â¬ (88). Although Socrates does not assert his opinion in anything but a question, it is clear that he believes that it would not make sense to know that one should live morally, and then choose in which circumstances to abide by that knowledge. He believes so strongly that individuals should act morally in every aspect of their lives that he spends a lot of time questioning the morality of public figures. Socrates says of these authorities, Ã¢â¬Å"I shall question him and examine him and put him to the test; and if it appears that in spite of his profession he has made no real progress towards goodness, I shall reprove him for neglecting what is of extreme importance, and giving his attention to trivialitiesÃ¢â¬ (56). Socrates would not approve of a leader who did not act ethically as a leader, as well as an individual. Machiavelli would not be so apt to hold political leadersShow MoreRelatedSocrates And Machiavelli1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates, in his early works, maintained a steadfast distance from involvement in politics, making a comparison or evaluation of a political system in his persona technically impossible. To claim that Socrates would or would not be supportive of any political system might then seem irresponsible, a presumptuous analysis not fitting for an academic recognizing the false equivalence between SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ philosophy and MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political ethics. The strategy to conduct any sort of liable and validRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMachiavelli and Socrates Niccolo Machiavelli and Socrates both lived during turbulent, political times. Machiavelli in Florence, Italy and Socrates in Athens. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince outlines the necessary features and traits of a sovereign, primarily, a Prince. It served as a handbook to effective rulership in the 16th century. By analyzing MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that a prince should be strategically feared, the role of free will , and the role of the people , I will argue that Machiavelli hasRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMachiavelli and Socrates are two of the most prominent philosophers of history. Each men are characterized by developing distinct schools of thought regarding individual rights and statehood. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince is a manual for rulers: lessons based on empirical observations of history. In The Apology written by Plato, Socrates delivers a justification to an Athenian court. It is notRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrespective times, Socrates and NiccolÃ ³ Machiavelli had very different methods and beliefs of how a political system should be run. The mindset of Socrates can be seen in the works Apology and Crito by Plato. Socrates, who values wisdom and justice over power and prestige, would view MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince very contradicting to how he believes a good life should be lived. In his work, The Prince, Machiavelli details how a prince should rule and maintain power. Socrates would not be supportiveRead MoreSocrates An d Machiavelli1860 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPolitical Theorists: Moralities and Wisdom Political theorists, Socrates and Machiavelli, each provide their own ideas and philosophies for political structure that are still being discussed today. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s writings of Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"CritoÃ¢â¬ , he defines Socrates as man of wisdom and humbleness as he goes through trial and death of a crime he did not commit. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s writing of Ã¢â¬Å"The PrinceÃ¢â¬ was written as a way to advise a Prince on how to achieve the greatest success as a ruler. These twoRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates and NiccolÃ ² Machiavelli were both political philosophers who lived through corruption, violence, and political restlessness. These circumstances prompted them to develop their own solutions for their respective societies. This included the creation of a stable political system with a strong and effective leader through the examination of the faults of said societies. To Machiavelli, this leader is known as the Ã¢â¬ Å"Prince.Ã¢â¬ He believes that the Prince should be pragmatic in his actions, andRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWhat would Socrates think of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political world? Socrates and Machiavelli were some of the most influential political philosophers in their respective times. Some argue that their view of empowering individuals, whether it be through free speech or ruthless fighting, are quite similar. However, their views of leadership and government do not align. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ support for free expression and due process makes his view of effective governance far different from MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on nationalRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli2009 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSocrates and Machiavelli are both very influential philosophers and two of the great minds of their time. However, both of these men had their own separate ideas that did not completely agree with one another. Machiavelli was born into a Renaissance time period of fragmented politics, lots of bloodshed, and angry citizens while Socrates grew up in a time of political adjustment and instability in Athens. Machiavelli constructed The Prince as a political pamphlet to his frie nd Lorenzo de MediciRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1976 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesand turmoil, both Socrates and Machiavelli use philosophy to evaluate people and politics. After seeing corruption, fragmentation and death, both philosophers developed different views. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince includes strong stances on morality and religion. Socrates would be likely to agree on the general ideas that Machiavelli believes a Prince should have but he would differ mainly in how they should be executed. I believe that Socrates would agree with Machiavelli that there needs toRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli Analysis936 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Socrates instilled value in living life as it ought to be and ingrained the pursuit of truth into all of his actions. He relished living as a gadfly to the state; arousing thoughts in others as a means to bring them to higher points of understanding and critical examination, which they then were to apply to their own society. He wanted people to live lives as they ought to live them and for the state to be a reflection of that aim. The leader advocated by Machiavelli, The Prince, is far more authoritarian